Named from the Greek chrys- meaning golden and anthemion, meaning flower, years of artful cultivation have produced a full range of colors, from white to purple to red. Daisy-like with a typically yellow center and a very decorative pompom.
They are the November birth flower, the 13th wedding anniversary flower and the official flower of the city of Chicago. In Japan, there is even a Festival of Happiness to celebrate this flower each year.
A symbol of the sun, the Japanese consider the orderly unfolding of the chrysanthemums petals to represent perfection, and Confucius once suggested they be used as an object of meditation. It’s said that a single petal of this celebrated flower placed at the bottom of a wine glass will encourage a long and healthy life.
Chrysanthemums symbolize optimism and joy.